Dinosaur fossils have been discovered in the Nanyang Basin.
The prefecture-level city of Nanyang administers 2 , 1 county-level city and 10 .
Nanyang 南 Nán-South,阳 yáng-sun . ''Wan'', which means "bowl", is the abbreviation of Nanyang, because of its location in the Nanyang Basin. Nanyang was known as ''Wancheng'' in ancient times.
Geography and climate
To the north of the town, there is a mountain called Dushan, which is famous for its jade.
The Dushan Jade is one of the four famous jades in China, which is very rare nowadays.
The climate is comfortable, and the whole of Nanyang is surrounded by mountains where cattle are raised. The fields are fertile and the agriculture is well-developed.
To the southwest is Neixiang County with the newly developing Baotianman Biosphere Reserve-an area of extremely high biodiversity in China, with 65 rare and endangered species. A new Visitor Centre in Neixiang County chronicles the natural history of the area and is well worth visiting.
Nanyang has one major railway station: Nanyang Railway Station. There are also several other small stations serving suburban area.
Nanyang is a railway cross, There are railway lines: Ning-Xi line , Jiao-Liu line
Roads and expressways
Over 500 km of highway network has been built along the railway line and others. A 80km of beltway is being constructed surrounding the city.
Airport and Airlines
Nanyang Airport is one of the three civil aviation airports in Henan Province. It is only 20 minutes bus time from the urban area. Passengers can take airplanes to and from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Guilin.
The are also two avion airports.
Nanyang city buses has about 30 lines in the urban area. Taxis are common.
The whole city area has a population over 10.5 million, which is the largest prefecture-level city in China now. The Urban area has over 0.8 million people, which is the third largest city in Henan Province.
It has a population of about 1 million who commute from the city, mainly to Zhengzhou, Guangdong Province, Beijing and Shanghai.
The majority of the province is Han; among the minority nationalities are the and .
Henan dialect, with easily identifiable stereotypical features. Its local dialect is known as Nanyang Hua , spoken by about 15 million people around the area.
It is the local form of Chinese opera.
Famous persons of Nanyang
*Zhang Heng, Eastern Han Dynasty astronomer, mathematician and inventor of the first seismometer in history.
*Zhang Zhongjing, late Eastern Han Dynasty and pharmacist.
*Zhuge Liang, renowned advisor to Liu Bei and the first of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms era.
*Han Yu, Tang Dynasty poet.
Famous persons of Nanyang, modern times
Er Yuehe, Feng Youlan, Peng Xuefeng, Yao Xueyin, Ding Shengshu, Wang Yongmin
Nanyang is a famous tourism city in China, which has a long history and beautiful sights.
Within the Nanyang City area
Temples, cathedrals, and mosques
*Nanyang Zhuge Liang Hut Temple
*Temple of holy doctor Zhang Zhongjing
*Zhang Heng's Grave
*Meixilu Walking and Shopping Road
*Bayi Walking and Shoping Road（Under construction）
*Nanyang Xinhua Commercial City
*Dannisi Underground Shopping Mall
Outside the metropolitan area, but within the municipality
Temples, cathedrals, and mosques
*Neixiang County Mansion
*Sheqi Meeting Place
*Dengzhou Huazhou College
*Funiu Shan World Geology Park
*Tongbai Water-Curtain Cave Temple
*Shiren Shan Mountain
Hotels and lodging
*Jinkaiyue Oriental Hotel
*Mingzhu Pool Club
*Nanyang has a developing cattle industry, as well as a tobacco factory.
*The Bai River flows through Nanyang and provides it with an abundant supply of fish.
*Nanyang produces two kinds of quality wine: Shedianlaojiu and Wolongyuye.
*Nanyang Oilfield is one to biggest oilfield in China.
*Agriculture plays an important role in its economy.