Monday, October 13, 2008


Zhuxian is a located in Henan Province, the People's Republic of China.

Along with Foshan, Jingde, and Hankou, Zhuxian is one of the "four ancient towns of Qing Dynasty China".


Zhumadian is a prefecture-level city in southern Henan , People's Republic of China. It borders Xinyang to the south, Nanyang to the west, Pingdingshan to the northwest, Luohe to the north, Zhoukou to the northeast, and the province of Anhui to the east.

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Hebi administers 1 and 9 .

*Yicheng District
*Runan County
*Pingyu County
*Xincai County
*Shangcai County
*Xiping County
*Suiping County
*Queshan County
*Zhengyang County
*Biyang County


Zhumadian was previously known as Yicheng, for it used to be a relay station. In the Tang Dynasty, the emperor ordered his soldiers carry lychees from Guangdong to his charming princess Yang who loved to eat lychees. And Zhumadian was one of the relay stations.


Mainly wheat, maize, peanut, sesame, green beans and tobacco.


Zhumadian has a brilliant cultural background and there are many great people in ancient times. There is an old site of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai who are the characters in '''', a famous Chinese story.


Zhumadian has 62 different dams including Banqiao Dam within its territory.


One of the Chinese main highways, Road 107, runs through Zhumadian. Zhumadian also has its own transportation system.


Zhoukou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan , People's Republic of China. It borders Zhumadian to the southeast, Xuchang and Luohe to the west, Kaifeng to the northwest, Shangqiu to the northeast, and the province of Anhui on all other sides.


The prefecture-level city of Zhoukou administers 1 , 1 county-level city and 8 .

*Chuanhui District
* City
*Huaiyang County
*Shenqiu County
*Dancheng County
*Luyi County
*Fugou County
*Xihua County
*Shangshui County


Xinzheng is a small county-level city of Zhengzhou in the south of Henan province of China. The city has a population of 600,000 people and covers an area of 15.


Xinzheng is considered the birthplace of the Chinese nation. It was the seat of government for the Qin Dynasty, from about , which is considered the beginning of a unified China. The word qin , which is pronounced similar to "chin", is thought to be the basis for the word "China."


Xinzheng also has one of the largest concentrations of foreign teachers in central China, thanks to Sias International University. The school has 14,000 students and about 90 foreign teachers. Along with SIAS University, the city is also home to another university: ShengDa.


A giant is being constructed by private investors near the city out of concrete and marble with a 29.9 tall head and a body that will eventually stretch 21km along the ridge line of Shizu Mountain. The hollow body of the dragon is 9m high and 6m wide and will contain a light rail system along with facilities for sight seeing and leisure, such as shops, restaurants and luxury clubs. The 21km length represents the wish for China's rapid growth in the 21st century. The project is expected to be completed before October 1, 2009 to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China


Xiaoshangqiao is a place in Henan, China.

Xiangcheng City

Xiangcheng is a county-level city in Zhoukou, Henan, People's Republic of China. It borders Shenqiu to the east, Shangcai to the west, Huaiyang to the north, Pingyu to the southeast, and the province of Anhui on all other sides.

Wugang, Henan

Wugang is a city in Henan province, China. It has a population of approximately 320,000. It is home to one of China's biggest iron and steel companies: Wuyang Iron and Steel Company Limited, Hangang Group. Longquan Lake is located at the foot of the city with beautiful mountains surrounding it. This place has now become a hot tourist destination to neighbouring cities and provinces. The city region is comprised of three geological areas including Sipo, Yakou and Zhulan.


Weihui is a county-level city in Henan, People's Republic of China. It belongs to Xinxiang. The city has an area of 882 km? and a population of 480,000.


Shangshui is a city in Henan province, China.


Shangqiu is a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan , People's Republic of China. It borders Kaifeng to the northwest, Zhoukou to the southwest, and the provinces of Shandong and Anhui to the northeast and southeast respectively. An ancient city with a rich history, Shangqiu was also the first capital of the Shang dynasty.

Once merely a small village, Shangqiu has grown significantly in recent years. It is important geographically because it lies at a confluence of several major railway tracks, making its train station a major regional transportation hub.


The history of Shangqiu is closely related to the very beginning of Chinese history. Dates back to the Three August Ones and Five Emperors periods , Emperor Shennong, Emperor Zhuanxu and Emperor Ku were living in the present Shangqiu area. The son of Emperor Ku, Qi , who helped Yu the Great to control floods, was enfeoffed the area of Shang , who also became the ancestor of the ancient nationality of ''Shang''. It is said that the ''Shang'' people first started trading with neighboring countries by shipping the goods with ox wagens. Since then, people doing business are called ''Shang people'' , which is still the case now, although people are not likely to know the origin of the words. The thirteenth generation grandson of Qi , overthrew the ruling Xia Dynasty and founded the Shang Dynasty, with its first capital at Nanbo . Around 11 century BC, Shang Dynasty was replaced by Zhou Dynasty. The royal descendants of Shang Dynasty were enfeoffed the area of Shangqiu, which later became the .

Geography and Climate

Shangqiu is located in the east part of the Henan province. The longitude is from 114°49′E to 116°39′E and latitude is from 33°43′N to 34°52′N. The prefecture-level city of Shangqiu covers an area of 10,704 km? and has a population around 8.22 million . The climate is typical of a temperate characteristic, with windy warm Springs, hot summers, cool falls, and cold Winters. The annual average temperature is 14.1°C. The average annual is about 712 mm.


The government of Shangqiu is responsible for the making and implementing of local policies. Since agriculture is still a major part of the economy of Shangqiu, many of the work is related to farmers and the development of the rural area. It is also observed that the government is exerting more and more efforts to attract foreign investment to spur local development.
The current mayor is Wang Baocun.


The prefecture-level city of Shangqiu administers 2 , 1 county-level city and 6 .

*Liangyuan District
*Suiyang District
*Yongcheng City
*Yucheng County
*Xiayi County
*Minquan County
*Ningling County
*Zhecheng County



Situated on the North China Plain, Shangqiu is traditionally an agricultural region. The fertile soil and convenient irrigation facilities greatly help the production of crops and other plants. As of 2005, there are about 719,864 hectare planted. The most important agricultural products are wheat, maize, cotton, sesame, vegetables, fruit, tobacco, and livestock. In 2002, it produced about 4.5 million tons of crops, 200 thousand tons of cotton, 1.1 million tons of fruits, and 550 thousand tons of livestock.


Compared with the agriculture, the industry of Shangqiu is relatively less-developed. However, since the 1990s, it has experienced rapid growth. The food producing and packing company, Kedi group, has already been the number one exporter of frozen vegetables in the country. The large reservation of coal in Shangqiu also boosts up the energy industry, such as electricity generation and Aluminium electrolysis.


Since the completion of east-west running Longhai railway in 1916, Shangqiu has been a local transportation center. This standing is greatly enhanced following the construction of the Beijing-Kowloon railway in 1996, which crosses with Longhai railway at Shangqiu. Nowadays, Longhai railway has become the Chinese segment of the larger "European-Asia continental landbridge," which runs from the sea port city Lianyungang to Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Shangqiu thus obtains the name of the city of the "golden cross." On the other hand, the road transport is also convenient and getting even better. The east-west direction Lianyungang-Khorghas national route 310 and north-south Beijing-Zhuhai national routh 105 also cross at Shangqiu. Highway traffic is fast-developing too. The Shangqiu-Kaifeng
segment of the Lianyungang-Khorghas highway is already in use. Future planning for highway construction is also underway.


The education sector of Shangqiu is mainly professional training oriented, with an
increasing number of such colleges coming into sight ever since the 1990s.

Colleges and universities


Society and culture

Lying in the heart of the North China Plain, Shangqiu benefits from a deep cultural tradition. The first star observatory in China, Ebo Tai, was established in Shangqiu. Yingtian Shuyuan, one of the largest four official education agencies in north Song Dynasty, is located in the Suiyang district of Shangqiu. The Suiyang traditional city, which was built in 1511 during the Ming Dynasty, is one of the best protected traditional cities in China, and was enlisted as one of the famous historical cities in China by the central government in 1986. The rich culture also raised many famous cultural figures. Cangjie , the legendary inventor of Chinese characters, was living in Shangqiu in the far-ancient periods. Zhuangzi , the great ancient philosopher of China, was born here around 4 century BC. Another great philosopher, Mozi , living in the same period as Zhuangzi, was also a Shangqiu native. The famous woman warrior, Hua Mulan , was also among the great figures of Shangqiu.

Tourist attractions

The ancient city of Suiyang
Temple of Hua Mulan (木兰祠)
Former residence of Zhuangzi
Ebo Tai, the first star observatory of China
Mangdang mountain tourism site

Famous people of Shangqiu

Hua Mulan
Jiang Yan
Hou Fangyu


*Shangqiu is also a Roman Catholic diocese.

*Dazhouzhuang village, the hometown of the heroine Hua Mulan, lies about 55 km southeast of Shangqiu city. The village contains a temple dedicated to Mulan, and many nearby businesses use her name as a local trademark.


Ruzhou is a city in Henan province in China. It has more than 100,000 inhabitants. The Fengxue Temple of Ruzhou features the Qizu Pagoda, built in 738 during the Tang Dynasty .


Qinyang is a county-level city in Henan , People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city Jiaozuo. The current population of Qinyang is estimated at 470,000. In 1999, the population stood at 444,480.


Qinyang occupies a total area of 623.5 square kilometers. It is located along a tributary of the Yellow River.


Puyang is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Henan province, China. Located on the northern shore of the Yellow River, it borders Anyang in the west, Xinxiang in the southwest, and the provinces of Shandong and Hebei in the east and north respectively.


The prefecture-level city of Puyang administers 1 and 5 .

*Hualong District
*Puyang County
*Qingfeng County
*Nanle County
*Fan County
*Taiqian County


Traditionally throughout history, Puyang was a county of Daming Prefecture, Zhili Province. It was only until 1928 when the the old Zhili Province was divied into three provinces of Hebei, Chahar and Rehe, with southern part ceded to Henan and northeastern part cdeded to Liaoning and Inner Mongolia, with Beijing and Tianjin as cities under direct administration of the central government.

In 1987, Puyang was the site of an important archaeological find, the first depiction of a Chinese dragon, dated at 6500 years old. Chinese scholars therefore regard Puyang as one of the important birthplaces of Chinese civilization.


Pingdingshan , also known as the Eagle City, with 891,814 inhabitants is a prefecture-level city in central Henan , People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the north, Xuchang and Luohe to the east, Zhumadian to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, and Luoyang to the west.


The prefecture-level city of Pingdingshan administers 4 , 2 and 4 .

*Xinhua District
*Weidong District
*Zhanhe District
*Shilong District
*Ruzhou City
*Wugang City
*Lushan County
*Baofeng County
*Ye County

Colleges and universities

*Pingdingshan University

Nanyang, Henan

Nanyang is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Henan , People's Republic of China. The city with the largest area of administration in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.

Dinosaur fossils have been discovered in the Nanyang Basin.


The prefecture-level city of Nanyang administers 2 , 1 county-level city and 10 .

*Wolong District
*Wancheng District
*Gaoxin District
*Dengzhou City
*Xinye County
*Sheqi County
*Tanghe County
*Tongbai County
*Fangcheng County
*Nanzhao County
*Zhenping County
*Neixiang County
*Xixia County
*Xichuan County


Nanyang 南 Nán-South,阳 yáng-sun . ''Wan'', which means "bowl", is the abbreviation of Nanyang, because of its location in the Nanyang Basin. Nanyang was known as ''Wancheng'' in ancient times.

Geography and climate

To the north of the town, there is a mountain called Dushan, which is famous for its jade.
The Dushan Jade is one of the four famous jades in China, which is very rare nowadays.

The climate is comfortable, and the whole of Nanyang is surrounded by mountains where cattle are raised. The fields are fertile and the agriculture is well-developed.

To the southwest is Neixiang County with the newly developing Baotianman Biosphere Reserve-an area of extremely high biodiversity in China, with 65 rare and endangered species. A new Visitor Centre in Neixiang County chronicles the natural history of the area and is well worth visiting.



Nanyang has one major railway station: Nanyang Railway Station. There are also several other small stations serving suburban area.

Nanyang is a railway cross, There are railway lines: Ning-Xi line , Jiao-Liu line

Roads and expressways

Over 500 km of highway network has been built along the railway line and others. A 80km of beltway is being constructed surrounding the city.

Airport and Airlines

Nanyang Airport is one of the three civil aviation airports in Henan Province. It is only 20 minutes bus time from the urban area. Passengers can take airplanes to and from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Guilin.

The are also two avion airports.

Public transit

Nanyang city buses has about 30 lines in the urban area. Taxis are common.


The whole city area has a population over 10.5 million, which is the largest prefecture-level city in China now. The Urban area has over 0.8 million people, which is the third largest city in Henan Province.

It has a population of about 1 million who commute from the city, mainly to Zhengzhou, Guangdong Province, Beijing and Shanghai.

The majority of the province is Han; among the minority nationalities are the and .



Henan dialect, with easily identifiable stereotypical features. Its local dialect is known as Nanyang Hua , spoken by about 15 million people around the area.

Wan Opera

It is the local form of Chinese opera.

Famous persons of Nanyang

*Zhang Heng, Eastern Han Dynasty astronomer, mathematician and inventor of the first seismometer in history.
*Zhang Zhongjing, late Eastern Han Dynasty and pharmacist.
*Zhuge Liang, renowned advisor to Liu Bei and the first of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms era.
*Han Yu, Tang Dynasty poet.

Famous persons of Nanyang, modern times

Er Yuehe, Feng Youlan, Peng Xuefeng, Yao Xueyin, Ding Shengshu, Wang Yongmin


Nanyang is a famous tourism city in China, which has a long history and beautiful sights.

Within the Nanyang City area

Temples, cathedrals, and mosques

*Nanyang Zhuge Liang Hut Temple
*Nanyang Mansion
*Temple of holy doctor Zhang Zhongjing
*Zhang Heng's Grave


*Baihe River
*Dushan Hill

Shopping Places

*Meixilu Walking and Shopping Road
*Bayi Walking and Shoping Road(Under construction)
*Nanyang Emporium
*Nanyang Xinhua Commercial City
*Datton Mall
*Dannisi Underground Shopping Mall

Outside the metropolitan area, but within the municipality

Temples, cathedrals, and mosques

*Neixiang County Mansion
*Sheqi Meeting Place
*Dengzhou Huazhou College


*Funiu Shan World Geology Park
*Danjiangkou Reservoir
*Tongbai Water-Curtain Cave Temple
*Shiren Shan Mountain

Hotels and lodging

*Jinkaiyue Oriental Hotel
*Jindu Hotel
*Nanyang Hotel
*Yinquan Hotel


*Baihe Band
*Central Guangchang
*Mingzhu Pool Club
*Net Cafes
*Dio Cafe


*Nanyang has a developing cattle industry, as well as a tobacco factory.
*The Bai River flows through Nanyang and provides it with an abundant supply of fish.
*Nanyang produces two kinds of quality wine: Shedianlaojiu and Wolongyuye.
*Nanyang Oilfield is one to biggest oilfield in China.
*Agriculture plays an important role in its economy.


Luohe is a prefecture-level city in central Henan , People's Republic of China. It is surrounded by the cities of Xuchang, Zhoukou, Zhumadian and Pingdingshan on its north, east, south and west respectively.


The prefecture level city of Luohe administers 3 and 2 .

*Yancheng District
*Yuanhui District
*Shaoling District
*Linyin County
*Wuyang County

Agriculture and industry

Cultivation of wheat, corn and textile industry are important for the economy of the area. The city is famous for its ham production industry. Shuanghui is the biggest ham producer in China. A commercial center since ancient times, Luohe presently is home to light industries including food preparation, paper, leather making / shoes, textiles, cigarettes, and electronics.

Famous village


Famous people

Xu Shen : famous linguist during the Han Dynasty. He compiled the first Chinese character dictionary Shuowen Jiezi.

Lankao County

It was the site of the Battle of Lanfeng during the Second Sino-Japanese War.


Jiyuan is a sub-prefecture-level city in northwestern Henan , People's Republic of China. It borders the of Jiaozuo and Luoyang to the east and southwest respectively, as well as the province of Shanxi to the north.


The sub-prefecture-level city of Jiyuan administers 8 , 4 and 4 subdistricts. Jiyuan is named after the Ji river whose source is said be a spring located on the west of the city.


Jiyuan was a county belonging to Jiaozuo city in the past, then it was divided from the city.Jishui River, one of the anciet"Four Rivers" with the Yangzi River, Yellow River and Huai River, originates from Jiyuan, literally the source of Jishui, hence deriving its name. According to the latest archaeological findings, as early as around 1,000 years ago, precisely at the end of the Paleolithic Period and the beginning of the Neolithic Period, people have lived here. It used to be the capital of the Xia Dynasty and was well known for its wealth between the Period of Warring States and Han Dynasty.


There are many crops grown in Jiyuan, such as wheat, peanut, cotton, sweet potato, maize and others.


Jiyuan, unlike in other Chinese regions, does not have serious drought or flood, but is very hot.


The city is now developing quickly. It is more convenient for the people living in the county than before, as people can go to the city easily by bus.


Jiaozuo is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan , People's Republic of China. Sitting on the northern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the south, Xinxiang to the east, Jiyuan to the west, Luoyang to the southwest, and the province of Shanxi to the north.


The prefecture-level city of Jiaozuo administers 4 , 2 and 4 .

*Jiefang District
*Shanyang District
*Zhongzhan District
*Macun District
*Qinyang City
*Mengzhou City
*Xiuwu County
*Wuzhi County
*Bo'ai County


Jiaozuo was established as a city in 1953.


Jiaozuo is noted for its blast furnaces and machine construction industries.


Jiaozuo is linked via railway to the nearby cities of Luoyang, Xinxiang, and Jincheng in nearby Shanxi Province.

Colleges and universities

Henan Polytechnic University , with a history of nearly 100 years, is the first mining university in Chinese history. Its former is Jiaozuo Coal Mining School which was established by the British Syndicate Co. Ltd., in 1909. It has changed its names several times in the course of development, namely, FuZhong Coal Mining University, Jiaozuo Private Institute of Technology, North-west Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo National Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo Mining Institute and Jiaozuo Institute of Technology. The University resumed its name of Henan Polytechnic University in 2004.

Place of tourism

Yun Tai Mountain, Qing Tian River, Qing Long Cape, Shen Nong Mountain.

Yun Tai Mountain is said to have a cascade of 314 meters in height, together
with numerous smaller cascades, forming a natural miracle.


Huixian is a city in Xinxiang, Henan, China. The city has over 100,000 inhabitants.


Hebi is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan , People's Republic of China. Situated in mountainous terrain, Hebi is surrounded by the cities of Anyang and Xinxiang on its north and south respectively.


The prefecture-level city of Hebi administers 3 and 2 .

*Qibin District
*Shancheng District
*Heshan District
*Xun County


Hebi has several coal mines. It is the seat of a Catholic bishop. Hebi New Area is an Economic Development Zone. Panshitou reservoir is not far from Hebi.


The urban area is 35 km?, and the urban population is 300,000. The city is located in the southwest of Henan province, adjacent to the borders between Henan, Hubei and Shaanxi. It geometrically lies in the center of the triangle of Zhengzhou, Wuhan and Xi'an, with equal distance to any of these three cities.

It is a city with a long cultural history in China. Historically well known celebrities include: Zhang Zhongjing , Han Yu , Kou Zhun , Fan Zhongyan , Yao Xueyin , Zhou Daxin etc.


Agriculture is the No.1 including wheat, cotton, maize, sesame, yellow beans, peppers, tobacco, etc.

Industry: Cigarette-packing, Jade art sculpting, Food processing, etc.


Airplane to nearest Nanyang airport; Drive along the National Expressway Network . Railway by K149, K206/K207, K205/K208, K184, 6010/6011/6014, 1512/1513, 1389/1390, 1165/1168, 1126/1127. Public bus transport: many


Lan Xiu Ting , Pagoda of Fu Sheng, relics of ancient city wall and the recently built touring area along the Tuan River.


Dengzhou No.1 High School is the most popular high school of the city. Nanyang No.4 Teachers College is the only college of the city licensed to issue certified educational diplomas to students.


Changge is a city of Xuchang, Henan Province, China. In the Han Dynasty, it was known as Changshe


Yuzhou is a county-level city in Xuchang, central Henan province in the People's Republic of China. It is the site of Yangzhai, the capital of the during the Warring States Period.

During the Three Kingdoms period, Yuzhou was given to Liu Bei by Han Prime Minister, Cao Cao after he was appointed as Governor. Yuzhou was a land neighboring Xuzhou, a land under General Lu Bu and Nanyang, Yuan Shu's land.

Yuzhou was known as Yingchuan in the , and Dynasties.


Yongcheng is a county-level city in the Shangqiu, Henan province, China.